Etude IBM : un deuxième trimestre qui confirme l’essor du mCommerce et la chute du sCommerce

Les consommateurs achètent plus depuis leurs mobiles et moins depuis les réseaux sociaux. Mais ils achètent surtout plus et dépensent plus à chaque transaction en ligne.

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Paris - 16 juil. 2012: Selon une nouvelle étude menée par IBM (NYSE : IBM), les consommateurs achètent de plus en plus depuis leurs mobiles mais de moins en moins depuis les réseaux sociaux. L’IBM Retail Online Index, une analyse du secteur de la distribution en ligne menée grâce des technologies « cloud », montre en effet que les ventes mobiles ont augmentées de 15% quand les ventes conclues via les médias sociaux baissaient de 20%.  

L’étude révèle par ailleurs qu’au deuxième trimestre 2012, les consommateurs digitaux ont acheté plus d'articles et ont dépensé plus d’argent à chaque transaction en ligne, soulignant ainsi une amélioration de l'efficacité du commerce en ligne.

L’IBM Retail Online Index a identifié plusieurs tendances auxquelles directeurs marketing (CMO), leaders du commerce électronique et professionnels du service client doivent accorder une attention particulière. Sur le deuxième trimestre, les consommateurs ont continué d’utiliser les dispositifs mobiles pour passer leurs achats. Le mCommerce représente ainsi 15.1% de l’ensemble des achats en ligne, soit une augmentation de plus de 14%. En parallèle, malgré des efforts substantiels, les vendeurs ont toujours autant de difficulté à rencontrer le succès sur les réseaux sociaux comme le prouve la baisse de 20% constatée pour le sCommerce.

Selon la récente étude IBM State of Marketing 2012, l’échec du social commerce s’explique en partie par le manque de collaboration entre directeurs marketing (CMO) et directeurs des systèmes d'information (CIO), une collaboration désormais nécessaire alors que marketing et commerce en ligne s’appuient de plus en plus sur la technologie. Le déploiement de technologies intégrées capables de soutenir une présence sur les réseaux sociaux efficace est ainsi largement perturbé quand il n’est pas rendu tout bonnement impossible.

Mais cet échec s’explique également par l'incapacité du marketing à créer un consensus clair sur la façon d'utiliser des canaux sociaux. L’IBM Retail Online Index souligne même une baisse de la part des perceptions positives à l’égard des medias sociaux, passant de 25,1% au premier trimestre à 18,6% au deuxième trimestre.

Ce second trimestre, qui aura vu le trafic et les ventes en ligne baiser respectivement de 6,7% et 2,3% par rapport au premier trimestre, montre tout de même plusieurs raisons d’être optimiste. En effet, les clients ont en moyenne acheté plus d'articles (une hausse de 2,6% du nombre d’articles vendus) et ont dépensé plus d’argent (une augmentation en valeur de l’ordre de 2.3%) à chaque transaction.

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Mobile Retail Commerce Rises While Social Shopping Drops in Second Quarter, Reports IBM

Consumers Buy More Per Online Transaction

Armonk, N.Y. - 16 Jul 2012: Mobile shopping rose while social media sales fell, providing an indication of where US retailers may invest in order to capture the attention and loyalty of the digital consumer, according to a new report from IBM (NYSE: IBM). The IBM Retail Online Index, a cloud-based analysis of the online retail sector reported that retailers experienced 15 percent growth in sales from mobile devices but saw a 20 percent decline in sales traced to social media based on a much smaller base over this three-month period.

This report follows today’s news from the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Census Bureau which announced its estimates of U.S. retail and food services sales. According to the findings, retail sales fell 0.5 percent in June from May, the third straight month sales have been down from the month before. On a positive note, June 2012 sales were 3.8 percent above the pace of June 2011. 

The IBM Retail Online Index integrates factual marketplace data from its analytics offerings including the Benchmark with insights from the IBM Social Sentiment Index, an advanced analytics and natural language processing tool that analyzes large volumes of social media data to assess public opinions. The combination of these two offerings provides the most accurate and immediate snap shot on the state of the online retail market. 

IBM’s Retail Online Index identified several trends of importance to chief marketing officers (CMO), e-commerce leaders and customer service professionals. Over the second quarter consumers continued to embrace mobile devices as a shopping tool, with mobile commerce accounting for 15.1 percent of all online purchases, an increase of more than 14 percent. Despite this momentum retailers are still struggling to sustain substantial success with their social media efforts, evidenced by a more than 20 percent drop in social shopping.  

According to IBM’s State of Marketing 2012 survey, one explanation for social commerce’s failure may be the absence of a CMO and CIO alliance which is critical as marketing and online commerce become increasingly technology-driven. The lack of this alliance hinders the deployment of integrated technologies capable of fueling effective social media efforts. A second factor is marketing’s inability to form a clear consensus on how to utilize social channels. As a result, the retail online index saw a decline in positive sentiment around social media, which according to the online index dropped from 25.1 percent in Q1 to 18.6 percent in Q2. Leading factors for this shift were the lack of deals being offered by retailers through these channels, which were more prevalent in Q1. 

“Shoppers today are shifting from a singular online approach to a multi-channel experience that includes both mobile and social media. As a result, retailers must be prepared to connect with their customers on all fronts, or lose them to the competition,” said Craig Hayman, General Manager, IBM Industry Solutions. “As we enter the home stretch for the 2012 holiday season, we will continue to watch how CMOs and CIOs tackle these challenges and create social media efforts that deliver value to the customer while driving revenue for the business.” 

Over the second quarter, while online traffic and sales for Q2 were down 6.7 percent and 2.3 percent from Q1 respectively, there were signs of optimism. Specifically, for completed orders, shoppers bought more items (average items per order grew 2.6 percent) and spent more for each transaction (average order values for each purchase grew by 2.3 percent) over the second quarter. 

Part of IBM’s Smarter Commerce initiative, the Retail Online Index draws data and insights from IBM's big data offerings to provide the industry’s most comprehensive look into the pulse of online retail through traditional and social media channels. The index analysis for second-quarter 2012 reveals the following trends:  

Online Retail Sales for Q2 2012 versus Q1 2012:

·     Consumer Spending: Total online sales for the quarter were down 2.3 percent over Q1 2012.

·     Average Order Value: The average value for each order in Q2 grew by 2.3 percent.

·     Items Per Order: The average number of items per order increased by 2.6 percent.

·     Page view Per Session: Page views per session dropped by 2 percent to 6.4 pages.

·     Mobile Sales: Sales from mobile devices reached 15.1 percent, up from the 13.3 percent in Q1 2012.

·     Mobile Devices: While Apple’s iPhone continued to rank one for mobile device retail traffic at 8.2 percent, Android surpassed the iPad which finished at 6.8 percent and 6.7 percent respectively.

·     Social Traffic: Shoppers referred from social networks generated 1.3 percent of all online traffic over Q2 2012, a slight increase from the 1.1 percent seen the previous quarter.

·     Social Sales: Shoppers referred to retailer sites from social networks generated 1.9 percent of all online sales over Q2 2012, a decrease from the 2.4 percent seen in Q1. 

Online Retail Categories for Q2 2012 versus Q1 2012:

·     Consumers further intensified their focus on the home with home goods sales growing by 35.3 percent in Q2.

·     Department stores continued to catch the attention of consumers with sales growing 3.7 percent

·     Jewelry stores maintained its upward track with sales growing by 1.4 percent.  

Consumer Sentiment for Department Stores for Q2 2012 versus Q1 2012 based on the IBM Social Sentiment Index:

·     Social Media:  A potential result of retailers failing to deliver compelling campaigns through these channels, positive sentiment around social media dropped by 6.5 percentage points, from 25.1 percent in Q1 to 18.6 percent in Q2.

·     Loyalty and Pricing: Where sales and clearing inventory were priorities in Q1, retailer prices returned to more normal rates in Q2, a shift that fueled negative sentiment around pricing which grew by 2.1 percentage points. These factors also impacted consumer loyalty where negative sentiment grew by 2.1 percentage points.  

IBM Retail Online Index

The IBM Retail Online Index features data from IBM's analytics offerings including the Benchmark and IBM Cognos Consumer Insight. The IBM Benchmark is the only analytics-based, peer-level benchmarking solution that measures online marketing results, including real-time sales data. All of the data is aggregated and anonymous. Analysis of public social media content came via IBM Cognos Consumer Insight which provides insight into underlying holiday shopping trends, hot topics of discussion and consumer sentiment. This index is combined with the IBM Social Sentiment Index to measure positive, negative and neutral sentiments shared in public forums such as Twitter, blogs, message boards and other social media, and provides quick insights into consumer conversations about issues, products and services. Follow the conversation at #bigdata #IBMIndex 

About IBM Smarter Commerce

IBM's Smarter Commerce initiative delivers software and services to help companies transform their business processes to more quickly respond to shifting customer demands in today's digitally transformed marketplace. The initiative is driven by the demands from organizations who are increasingly looking for ways to bring new levels of automation to marketing, sales and fulfillment to secure greater customer loyalty. The growth of mobile, social and online commerce are key trends within Smarter Commerce. 

More information on Smarter Commerce can be found at www.ibm.com/smarterplanet/us/en/smarter_commerce/overview/ 

To join the conversation, follow hashtag #smartercommerce, #bigdata, and #IBMIndex on Twitter. https://twitter.com/.

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