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IBM Reports 2012 Second-Quarter Results


Armonk, N.Y. - 18 Jul 2012:

-       GAAP: $3.34, up 11 percent;

-       Operating (non-GAAP): $3.51, up 14 percent;

-       GAAP: $3.9 billion, up 6 percent;

-       Operating (non-GAAP): $4.1 billion, up 8 percent;

-       GAAP: 47.6 percent, up 1.2 points;

-       Operating (non-GAAP): 48.2 percent, up 1.5 points;

-       Services pre-tax income up 18 percent;

IBM (NYSE: IBM) today announced second-quarter 2012 diluted earnings of $3.34 per share, compared with diluted earnings of $3.00 per share in the second quarter of 2011, an increase of 11 percent. Operating (non-GAAP) diluted earnings were $3.51 per share, compared with operating diluted earnings of $3.09 per share in the second quarter of 2011, an increase of 14 percent.

Second-quarter net income was $3.9 billion compared with $3.7 billion in the second quarter of 2011, an increase of 6 percent. Operating (non-GAAP) net income was $4.1 billion compared with $3.8 billion in the second quarter of 2011, an increase of 8 percent.

Total revenues for the second quarter of 2012 of $25.8 billion were down 3 percent (up 1 percent, adjusting for currency) from the second quarter of 2011. Currency negatively impacted revenue growth by approximately $1 billion.

“In the second quarter, we delivered strong profit, earnings per share and free cash flow growth.  This performance reflects continued strength in our growth initiatives and investments in higher value opportunities,” said Ginni Rometty, IBM president and chief executive officer.  “These are fundamental elements of our long-term business model.

“Looking ahead, we are well positioned to deliver greater value to a wider range of clients and to our shareholders.  Given our performance in the first half and our outlook for the second half, we are raising our full-year operating earnings per share expectations to at least $15.10.” 

Second-Quarter GAAP – Operating (non-GAAP) Reconciliation

Second-quarter operating (non-GAAP) diluted earnings exclude $0.17 per share of charges: $0.11 per share for the amortization of purchased intangible assets and other acquisition-related charges, and $0.06 per share for retirement-related charges driven by changes to plan assets and liabilities primarily related to market performance.

Full-Year 2012 Expectations

IBM raised its expectations for full-year 2012 GAAP diluted earnings per share to at least $14.40 from at least $14.27 and operating (non-GAAP) diluted earnings per share to at least $15.10 from at least $15.00. The 2012 operating (non-GAAP) earnings expectations exclude $0.70 per share of charges for amortization of purchased intangible assets, other acquisition-related charges, and retirement-related charges driven by changes to plan assets and liabilities primarily related to market performance.

Geographic Regions

The Americas’ second-quarter revenues were $11.1 billion, a decrease of 1 percent (up 1 percent, adjusting for currency) from the 2011 period.  Revenues from Europe/Middle East/Africa were $7.9 billion, down 9 percent (flat, adjusting for currency).  Asia-Pacific revenues increased 2 percent (up 4 percent, adjusting for currency) to $6.3 billion.  OEM revenues were $512 million, down 24 percent compared with the 2011 second quarter.

Growth Markets 

Revenues from the company’s growth markets increased 2 percent (up 8 percent, adjusting for currency) and more than 30 countries had double-digit revenue growth, adjusting for currency.  Revenues in the BRIC countries — Brazil, Russia, India and China — increased 5 percent (up 12 percent, adjusting for currency).

Services

Global Technology Services segment revenues decreased 2 percent (up 2 percent, adjusting for currency) to $10.0 billion.  Global Business Services segment revenues were down 4 percent (down 1 percent, adjusting for currency) to $4.7 billion. 

Pre-tax income from Global Technology Services increased 24 percent and pre-tax margin increased to 17.1 percent. Global Business Services pre-tax income increased 7 percent and pre-tax margin increased to 16.6 percent. 

The estimated services backlog at June 30 was $136 billion, down 6 percent year over year at actual rates (flat, adjusting for currency).  

Software

Revenues from the Software segment were $6.2 billion, flat (up 4 percent, adjusting for currency) compared with the second quarter of 2011. Software pre-tax income increased 8 percent and pre-tax margin increased to 35.9 percent.  

Revenues from IBM’s key middleware products, which include WebSphere, Information Management, Tivoli, Lotus and Rational products, were $3.9 billion, flat (up 4 percent, adjusting for currency) versus the second quarter of 2011. Operating systems revenues of $628 million were flat (up 3 percent, adjusting for currency) compared with the prior-year quarter.

Revenues from the WebSphere family of software products increased 3 percent year over year.  Information Management software revenues decreased 1 percent.  Revenues from Tivoli software increased 2 percent.  Revenues from Lotus software decreased 8 percent, and Rational software decreased 7 percent.  

Hardware

Revenues from the Systems and Technology segment totaled $4.3 billion for the quarter, down 9 percent (down 7 percent, adjusting for currency) from the second quarter of 2011.  Systems and Technology pre-tax income decreased $159 million. 

Total systems revenues decreased 7 percent (down 5 percent, adjusting for currency). Revenues from Power Systems were down 7 percent compared with the 2011 period. Revenues from System x were down 8 percent. Revenues from System z mainframe server products decreased 11 percent compared with the year-ago period. Total delivery of System z computing power, as measured in MIPS (millions of instructions per second), decreased 8 percent.  Revenues from System Storage decreased 4 percent, and revenues from Retail Store Solutions decreased 4 percent year over year.  Revenues from Microelectronics OEM decreased 22 percent.

Financing

Global Financing segment revenues were flat (up 4 percent, adjusting for currency) in the second quarter at $517 million.  Pre-tax income for the segment increased 6 percent to $528 million.

***

The company’s total gross profit margin was 47.6 percent in the 2012 second quarter compared with 46.4 percent in the 2011 second-quarter period. Total operating (non-GAAP) gross profit margin was 48.2 percent in the 2012 second quarter compared with 46.8 percent in the 2011 second-quarter period, with increases in Global Technology Services and Global Business Services.

Total expense and other income decreased 5 percent to $7.1 billion compared with the prior-year period.  S,G&A expense of $5.8 billion decreased 3 percent year over year.  R,D&E expense of $1.6 billion increased 1 percent compared with the year-ago period. Intellectual property and custom development income decreased to $289 million compared with $295 million a year ago.  Other (income) and expense was income of $132 million compared with prior-year expense of $97 million. Interest expense increased to $117 million compared with $97 million in the prior year.

Total operating (non-GAAP) expense and other income decreased 6 percent to$7.0 billion compared with the prior-year period.  Operating (non-GAAP) S,G&A expense of $5.7 billion decreased 4 percent compared with prior-year expense. Operating (non-GAAP) R,D&E expense of $1.6 billion was flat compared with the year-ago period. 

Pre-tax income increased 6 percent to $5.2 billion and pre-tax margin of 20.0 percent, up 1.7 points compared with the prior-year period. Operating (non-GAAP) pre-tax income increased 8 percent to $5.4 billion and pre-tax margin was 21.1 percent, up 2.2 points.  

IBM’s tax rate was 24.8 percent, down 0.2 points year over year; operating (non-GAAP) tax rate was 25.0 percent, flat compared to the year-ago period.

Net income margin increased 1.3 points to 15.1 percent. Total operating (non-GAAP) net income margin increased 1.6 points to 15.8 percent.  

The weighted-average number of diluted common shares outstanding in the second-quarter 2012 was 1.16 billion compared with 1.22 billion shares in the same period of 2011. As of June 30, 2012, there were 1.14 billion basic common shares outstanding. 

Debt, including Global Financing, totaled $32.4 billion, compared with $31.3 billion at year-end 2011. From a management segment view, Global Financing debt totaled $22.6 billion versus $23.3 billion at year-end 2011, resulting in a debt-to-equity ratio of 7.0 to 1. Non-global financing debt totaled $9.8 billion, an increase of $1.8 billion since year-end 2011, resulting in a debt-to-capitalization ratio of 36.1 percent from 32.0 percent. 

IBM ended the second-quarter 2012 with $11.2 billion of cash on hand and generated free cash flow of $3.7 billion, excluding Global Financing receivables, up approximately $0.3 billion year over year. The company returned $4.0 billion to shareholders through $1.0 billion in dividends and $3.0 billion of share repurchases.  

Year-To-Date 2012 Results

Net income for the six months ended June 30, 2012 was $6.9 billion compared with $6.5 billion in the year-ago period, an increase of 6 percent. Diluted earnings per share were $5.95 compared with $5.30 per diluted share for the 2011 period, an increase of 12 percent. Revenues for the six-month period totaled $50.5 billion, a decrease of 2 percent (up 1 percent, adjusting for currency) compared with $51.3 billion for the six months of 2011.

Operating (non-GAAP) net income for the six months ended June 30, 2012 was $7.3 billion compared with $6.8 billion in the year-ago period, an increase of 9 percent. Operating (non-GAAP) diluted earnings per share were $6.29 compared with $5.50 per diluted share for the 2011 period, an increase of 14 percent.

Forward-Looking and Cautionary Statements 

Except for the historical information and discussions contained herein, statements contained in this release may constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements are based on the company’s current assumptions regarding future business and financial performance.  These statements involve a number of risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause actual results to differ materially, including the following: a downturn in economic environment and corporate IT spending budgets; the company’s failure to meet growth and productivity objectives, a failure of the company’s innovation initiatives; risks from investing in growth opportunities; failure of the company’s intellectual property portfolio to prevent competitive offerings and the failure of the company to obtain necessary licenses; cybersecurity and data privacy considerations; fluctuations in financial results and purchases, impact of local legal, economic, political and health conditions; adverse effects from environmental matters, tax matters and the company’s pension plans; ineffective internal controls; the company’s use of accounting estimates; the company’s ability to attract and retain key personnel and its reliance on critical skills; impacts of relationships with critical suppliers and business with government clients; currency fluctuations and customer financing risks; impact of changes in market liquidity conditions and customer credit risk on receivables; reliance on third party distribution channels; the company’s ability to successfully manage acquisitions and alliances; risk factors related to IBM securities; and other risks, uncertainties and factors discussed in the company’s Form 10-Q, Form 10-K and in the company’s other filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) or in materials incorporated therein by reference.  Any forward-looking statement in this release speaks only as of the date on which it is made.  The company assumes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements. 

Presentation of Information in this Press Release

In an effort to provide investors with additional information regarding the company’s results as determined by generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), the company has also disclosed in this press release the following non-GAAP information which management believes provides useful information to investors: 

IBM results and expectations --

The rationale for management’s use of non-GAAP measures is included as part of the supplemental materials presented within the second-quarter earnings materials.  These materials are available on the IBM investor relations Web site at www.ibm.com/investor and are being included in Attachment II (“Non-GAAP Supplemental Materials”) to the Form 8-K that includes this press release and is being submitted today to the SEC.


Conference Call and Webcast 

IBM’s regular quarterly earnings conference call is scheduled to begin at 4:30 p.m. EDT, today.  The Webcast may be viewed at www.ibm.com/investor/2q12.  Presentation charts will be available on the Web site shortly before the Webcast.

Financial Results Below (certain amounts may not add due to use of rounded numbers; percentages presented are calculated from the underlying whole-dollar amounts).

Contact(s) information

Mike Fay
IBM External Relations
914-499-6107
mikefay@us.ibm.com

John Bukovinsky
IBM Media Relations
732-618-3531
jbuko@us.ibm.com

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