In October, IBM announces the eServer p690 ("Regatta") as the world's most powerful UNIX server, crowning a five-year effort to deliver a new class of UNIX system that incorporates microprocessor breakthroughs and mainframe technologies. When tackling the most complex problems, multiple p690 servers can be linked together to create supercomputers powered by more than 1,000 processors.
Later in the month, IBM reports that "Regatta" sets a world record for processing speed on the important Fluent engineering benchmark. The company begins shipping "Regatta" in volume in December.
IBM announces the general availability of the ThinkPad TransNote, the world's first portfolio notebook combining a mobile computer with a digital notepad and featuring one of the industry's most radical design changes since the clamshell.
IBM is selected by a consortium of four U.S. research centers in August to build the world's most powerful computing Grid, an interconnected series of Linux clusters capable of processing 13.6 trillion calculations per second. The Grid system -- known as the Distributed Terascale Facility -- will enable thousands of scientists around the United States to share computing resources over the world's fastest research network in search of breakthroughs in life sciences, climate modeling and other critical disciplines. That same month, IBM is selected to partner with several centers in the U.K. National Grid to link a massive network of computers throughout the United Kingdom, leveraging the company's expertise in scalable servers and storage, open standards, self-managing technologies, services and e-business software.
The Personal Systems Group says it will use "self healing" technology in an online customer service infrastructure to diagnose and resolve common information technology (IT) problems. As part of the company's Project eLiza -- a multi-billion dollar program to develop self-managing systems that reduce the cost and complexity of the IT infrastructure -- IBM delivers the industry's first services to automate key e-business processes that predict, identify and intercept problems on a real-time basis.
The company unveils the T220, the world's highest resolution flat panel monitor, with a 22.2-inch screen that shows 12-times more detail than current monitors.
IBM scientists develop a breakthrough transistor technology that could lead to the production of a new class of smaller, faster and lower power computer chips than are now possible with silicon. They build the world's first array of transistors out of carbon nanotubes -- tiny cylinders of carbon atoms that measure as small as 10 atoms across and are 500 times smaller than today's silicon-based transistors.
The U.S. Government dedicates ASCI White, the world's fastest supercomputer at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California. ASCI White, an IBM system, covers a space the size of two basketball courts and weighs 106 tons. It contains six trillion bytes (TB) of memory, almost 50,000 times greater than the average personal computer, and has more than 160 TB of IBM TotalStorage 7133 Serial Disk System capacity -- enough to hold six Library of Congress book collections.