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IBM acquires all of the outstanding shares of the Lotus Development Corporation IBM acquires all of the outstanding shares of the Lotus Development Corporation, whose pioneering Notes software enables greater collaboration across an enterprise and whose acquisition makes IBM the world's largest software company.


IBM scientists complete a two-year calculation at the Thomas J. Watson Reasearch Center IBM scientists complete a two-year calculation - the largest single numerical calculation in the history of computing - to pin down the properties of an elusive elementary particle called a "glueball." The calculation was carried out on GF11, a massively parallel computer at the Thomas J. Watson Research Center.


IBM unveils 12 new models of the System/390 Parallel Enterprise Server, which all use complementary metal oxide silicon (CMOS) based processors. IBM ships more mainframe computing power in 1995 than in any year before.

IBM powers the Wimbledon and U.S. Open home pages on the Internet, bringing information about the Grand Slam tennis tournament to fans throughout the world.

IBM rolls out the ThinkPad 701C, a machine smaller than a sheet of typing paper with a full-sized typing surface, and adds the Intel 133MHz Pentium processor to its line of IBM Personal Computer 700 desktop systems.

IBM introduces the first CICS transaction processing software clients that will allow PC users to connect to any computer server that runs CICS software, and a new Internet offering to give users the capability to access their CICS applications from anywhere on the Internet.

In a landmark speech at COMDEX '95 in Las Vegas, IBM Chairman Louis V. Gerstner, Jr., outlines IBM's vision of network-centric computing before an audience of 7,000 people.

IBM sells its one millionth Point-of-Sale system, the 4695 color touchscreen.

IBM continues to add to its network computing hardware, software and services, including: a worldwide network offering supporting Lotus Notes, enabling businesses to implement Notes applications on the IBM Global Network; selection by the Greater Dayton Area Hospital Association to build its Integrated Health Information Network Project that will link all of the Association's member hospitals along with physicians and insurers; and the launch of a digital library initiative at Lutherhalle Wittenberg, a unique project to digitally capture the museum's rare books and works of art, and make them more accessible.

Mercedes-Benz awards IBM a 12-year contract for the design, integration and management of the information technology infrastructure for its first U.S. passenger vehicle manufacturing plant in Alabama; DreamWorks SKG and IBM agree to develop the asset management component of the DreamWorks Digital Studio; and, at the request of the European Commission, IBM provides computers, software and services for journalists covering the Group of Seven conference in Brussels on the information society.

IBM is awarded the most U.S. patents for the third straight year, receiving a record 1,383 patents from the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office - 27 percent more than any other company in 1995.

U.S. President Bill Clinton presents the National Medal of Technology, the highest U.S. award for technical innovation, to Praveen Chaudhari, Jerome J. Cuomo (retired) and Richard J. Gambino, three Thomas J. Watson Research Center scientists for their discovery of the special magnetic materials that made possible today's $2 billion rewritable-optical-disk data storage industry.

IBM scientists create a new optical microscope capable of seeing objects 500 times smaller than previously possible with conventional optical microscopes. The microscope provides an unprecedented 1 nanometer resolution, which is about five times larger than an individual atom.

IBM demonstrates another new world record in magnetic data storage density - 3 billion bits of data per square inch, the equivalent of a stack of paper taller than a five-story building. IBM Research unveils MuxMaster, the first commercial prototype of a new fiber optic technology enabling users to send up to 20 simultaneous data streams.

Apple Computer, Inc., IBM and Taligent, Inc. announce that Taligent - which was formed in 1992 by Apple and IBM - will become an object technology development center and a wholly-owned subsidiary of IBM.

IBM, Siemens, Toshiba and Motorola disclose plans for a four-way alliance to develop future generations of highly advanced semiconductor chips, including a 1-gigabit dynamic access memory device. Toshiba and IBM also say they plan to establish a U.S. joint venture for manufacturing dynamic random access memory chips, beginning with 64 Megabit DRAMs. A single 64Mb DRAM can store the equivalent of more than 6,000 pages of typewritten text.

IBM Research Division establishes the Austin (Texas) Research Laboratory as its third U.S. location. The lab is to focus on advanced circuit design and new design techniques and tools for very high performance processors.

IBM announces its intention to manufacture disk drives for personal computers in Szekesfehervar, Hungary.

Over the past 10 years, IBM has been the largest corporate contributor of cash, equipment and people - more than $1.2 billion - to non-profit organizations and educational institutions across the United States and around the world. IBM helps people in 153 countries to use information technology to help other people.

One of IBM's top priorities is education. The company established in the U.S. a $25 million "Reinventing Education" grant program in 1994, and through 1995, IBM has awarded 10 grants across the country. The IBM Environmental Research Program awards grants totaling $16 million to support research at 14 major universities and research institutions around the world.

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