The Cornell Theory Center receives the world's fastest, most powerful general purpose computer: a massively parallel IBM Scalable POWERparallel Systems SP2, capable of performing 136 billion calculations per second. CERN, the European Laboratory for Particle Physics, takes delivery of the most powerful IBM supercomputer ever ordered in Europe: a 64-node, AIX-based IBM Scalable POWERparallel Systems SP2.
IBM launches Reinventing Education, a program calling on local U.S. school districts to participate with IBM in a restructuring of primary and secondary schools. The first of 10 grants is selected from 200 proposals for the program, a project focusing on public school reform. Grant-winners receive the services of a project manager, consultants and researchers to create customized solutions designed to break down barriers to academic achievement.
The company forms the IBM Global Network as a business unit which will develop and operate the world's largest high-speed voice and data network dedicated to network-centric computing. The IBM Global Network already serves two million users at some 25,000 businesses and government agencies in more than 100 countries.
Fifteen industry solution units are created to offer integrated, industry-specific solutions on a global basis.
IBM opens six subsidiaries in Eastern Europe - Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovenia, Slovakia, Bulgaria and Russia and Northern Asia; and reestablishes IBM South Africa.
The IBM Federal Systems Company is sold to Loral Corporation, effective January 1, 1994.
IBM announces the System/390 Parallel Sysplex Offering, encompassing the Coupling Facility, the S/390 Parallel Transaction Server, high-speed coupling links and software enhancements.
IBM introduces a new generation of AS/400 computers called the AS/400 Advanced Series.
The IBM RAMAC Array Family is announced. With features like highly parallel processing, multi-level cache, RAID 5 and redundant components, RAMAC represents a major advance in information storage technology. Consisting of the RAMAC Array Direct Access Storage Device (DASD) and the RAMAC Array Subsystem, the products become one of IBM's most successful storage product launches ever, with almost 2,000 systems shipped to customers in its first three months of availability.
IBM Belgium/Luxemburg announces the implementation of 16-megabit DRAM memory chip technology in an IBM ES/9000 processor at the Universite de Liege, the first 16M-bit memory chip installation in a large high performance processor in the world.
A number of personal systems products are brought to market in 1994, including the IBM Aptiva Personal Computer.
IBM releases the IBM Personal Dictation System (IPDS), the first wave of speech recognition products for the personal computer. It is later renamed VoiceType Dictation, and is capable of recognizing 32,000 words at a rate of approximately 70-to-100 words per minute, with 97 percent accuracy. These capabilities are soon expanded to include control of computer applications and desktops simply by talking to them, without touching a keyboard.
IBM is featured as an exhibitor in the newest addition to Walt Disney World's Epcot 94.
IBM is first in the number of U.S. patents issued for the second year in a row, and the company's 1,298 patents are the most ever issued to any company in any year.
IBM adds germanium to silicon chips, forming the basis of low-cost, high speed transistors that are used in a new generation of wireless consumer products such as cell phones and pagers, and in 1998 IBM becomes the first company to introduce silicon germanium chip-making technology into mainstream manufacturing. Silicon germanium chips create significant performance improvements in high-frequency circuit operations and are adopted into use in products such as Global Positioning Satellite receivers and automobile collision warning systems.
IBM ships its 250,000th Application System/400, a model F80, to The Coca-Cola Company in Belgium.
IBM scientists demonstrate new multilevel optical disks that are capable of huge gains in optical-disk data storage capabilities. A new formatting technique permits IBM to pack 28 percent more data into its latest line of magnetic hard-disk drives for use in laptop computers.
IBM announces the completed development and fabrication of the PowerPC 604 microprocessor, the most powerful high-volume microprocessor in the industry. IBM technicians develop the fastest "lossless" data compression chip available, capable of processing up to 40 megabytes per second.
IBM and Motorola complete development and fabrication of the PowerPC 620 microprocessor, the first 64-bit implementation of the PowerPC architecture. IBM ships its one millionth PowerPC 601 microprocessor in July.
IBM, Siemens AG and Toshiba Corp. announce plans to design and develop a second generation 64Mb memory chip. IBM and Cirrus Logic, Inc., sign a joint venture agreement to manufacture semiconductor wafers for each company using IBM's submicron wafer processing technology at IBM's manufacturing facility in East Fishkill, New York. IBM and Philips Electronics N.V. sign a letter of intent to form a joint venture to manufacture semiconductor wafers at IBM's facility in Boeblingen Hulb, near Stuttgart, Germany. IBM and MEMC Electronic Materials Inc. form SiBond, L.L.C., a new limited-liability company to develop and manufacture silicon-on-insulator wafers.
Hitachi Ltd. and IBM enter into technology and licensing relationships concerning CMOS-based mainframes and RISC parallel systems based on the POWER/PowerPC architecture.
Ji Tong Communication Company Ltd. and IBM China Company Ltd. say they will establish the Jilong Information Network Research and Development (Beijing) Company, a joint venture company in support of China's efforts to build a nationwide information infrastructure. IBM China and the China Great-Wall Computer Group form a joint venture company - International Information Products (Shenzhen) Company - to manufacture, distribute and service personal computer products. In addition, a memorandum of understanding covering a wide range of technology projects and commitments is signed by IBM and China's Ministry of Electronics Industry.
IBM announces that it will establish the China Research Laboratory in Beijing, China. The facility is expected to be fully operational by mid-1995.
A personal computer plant is opened in South Africa.