IBM introduces the IBM 3081 processor, the company's most powerful to date, which features Thermal Conduction Modules. In 1990, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. awards its 1990 Corporate Innovation Recognition to IBM for the development of the Multilayer Ceramic Thermal Conduction Module for high performance computers.
IBM develops the experimental 801, based on the Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC) architecture developed by IBM researcher John Cocke. RISC technology greatly boosts computer speed by using simplified machine instructions for frequently used functions. It is the basis of most workstations in use today and is widely viewed as the computing architecture of the future.
IBM President John R. Opel is elected chief executive officer, effective January 1, 1981; Frank T. Cary continues as Chairman of the Board.
IBM Japan commemorates the 55th anniversary of business in Japan, and the 30th anniversary of the resumption of operations after World War II.
Among the other products announced in 1980 are the Distributed Office System, which expands information processing capability of the IBM 8100 to include text and word processing; the 5120, a new desktop computer; and the Displaywriter, a low-cost, easy-to-use desktop text processing system.
IBM Instruments Inc., a new subsidiary, introduces a line of analytical instruments.
The first IBM Product Centers in the United States open in Philadelphia and Baltimore. Seven additional IBM Product Centers open in Europe and South America.
IBM researchers use a computer to transcribe human speech drawn from a 1,000-word vocabulary. Text is read and converted to print form with 91 percent accuracy.
The Management Development Center in Armonk and 1.7 million square feet of space in Tucson, Arizona, are completed.