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Picnic J. L. Willard and F. A. Frick of Rochester, New York, form the Willard and Frick Manufacturing Company as the first card time recorder company in the world.

The company contracts with William Gardam & Son of New York, New York, to manufacture and ship card time recorders to Rochester, where they are assembled in cases and tested before final shipment under the trade name of "Rochester." Willard and Frick later will become part of the International Time Recording Co., a major element of the future IBM.