Italy chronology 1950 - 1969

1950
IBM Italy has 716 employees.

1950
The Milan plant is enlarged and begins production of the IBM 032, IBM 034 and IBM 036 Alphabetical Printing Punches, and IBM 077.

1950
Twelve savings banks are using IBM equipment.

1951
The Milan plant manufactures the IBM 082 Sorter and IBM 404 Alphabetical Accounting Machine.

1951
Carlo Erba Co., founded in 1853 and a European pioneer in the chemical and pharmaceutical industry, installs IBM equipment for accounting and statistical work.

1952
IBM opens a branch office in Palermo.

1952
The Milan plant produces the IBM 954 Facsimile Posting Machine.

1952
IBM equipment is installed at Rizzoli of Milan, the first installation by an Italian publisher. That same year, the Rev. Roberto Busa, S.J., of Italy's Gregorian Institute, demonstrates how IBM equipment is used in mechanizing linguistic analysis.

1953
IBM opens a branch office in Bologna.

1953
The Milan plant begins production of the IBM 604 Electronic Calculator.

1954
The Verona General Hospital -- which traces its history back to the 4th century -- installs IBM equipment. In addition, the first IBM equipment installed in an Italian academic institution is acquired by University of Bologna.

1955
IBM opens a branch office in Brescia.

1956
Production of the IBM 519 Document Originating Punch begins in Milan.

1956

Rivoltella del Garda education centerIBM Italy opens its first education center in a restored villa located in Rivoltella del Garda.





1956
The company opens branch offices in Trieste, Verona and Cagliari.

1956
Production of the IBM 521 Electronic Calculating Punch begins in Milan.

1956
The world's first literary data processing center opens in Gallarate, with the Rev. Busa using IBM machines.

1957
IBM opens an office in Padua.

1957
The Milan plant begins production of the IBM 024 Card Punch, IBM 026 Printing Card Punch, IBM 514 Reproducing Punch and IBM 523 Gang Summary Punch.

1957
The Banca d'Italia orders an IBM 650 RAMAC, the first one in Italy.

1958

Milan plant (aerial)The Milan plant is expanded and its mission revised to meet the growing requirements of the international marketplace.





1958

IBM 705 at Banco di RomaThe first IBM 705 Data Processing System in Italy is ordered by Banco di Roma.





1959
IBM opens an office in Bari.

1959
The first IBM 305 RAMAC in Italy is ordered by Apuzzo Onello, an insurance agency.

1960
There are 2,202 IBM Italia employees, and IBM opens an office in Ancona.

1960

IBM 7070 outside ColosseumEuratom orders an IBM 7090 Data Processing System, IBM 1401 Data Processing System and IBM 1620 Data Processing System for its offices in Ispra. Flown from New York State, an IBM 7070 Data Processing System is delivered to the Rome headquarters of Radiotelevisione Italiana to handle general accounting applications for this major European network.

1960
Some 28 Italian savings banks are using IBM equipment.

1961
IBM opens offices in Bolzano, Catania, Cremona and Novara.

1961
Italy's National Committee for Nuclear Energy dedicates an IBM 704 Data Processing System in Bologna. Banca Popolare di Novarra, near Milan; Banca di Napoli, of Naples and Palmine Steel, of Milan, acquire IBM 7070s. Radiotice -- manufacturer of fibers, plastics and chemical products -- acquires the IBM 7070 and IBM 1401. Alitalia in Milan becomes the first European airline to acquire the 7070 and 1401 systems. IBM 305 RAMACs handle production planning for Pirelli in Milan. The Universities of Trieste and Genoa acquire IBM 1620 Data Processing Systems for scientific research and nuclear energy calculations. SIAI Marchetti, one of Italy's oldest aircraft manufacturers, also acquires a 1620.

1961
The Milan plant begins production of the IBM 548 Interpreter.

1962
Louis Castaldi becomes general manager of IBM Italia, succeeding Giulio Vuccino, who becomes chairman of the board.

1962
The company opens an office in Vicenza.

1962
An IBM 1410 Data Processing System is installed at Piaggio and Company.

1962
The Milan plant begins production of the IBM 1401.

1963
The Milan Stock Exchange acquires an IBM 1401.

1963
The Milan plant completes production of its first IBM 609 Calculator and IBM 1442 Card Read Punch.

1964
IBM Italia opens a new headquarters facility in Milan and an office in Sassari.

1964
The Milan plant begins production of the IBM 513 Reproducing Punch, IBM 1403 Printer and IBM 1444 Card Read Punch.

1965
Ludovico Biraghi-Losetti becomes IBM Italia's general manager.

1965
The Milan plant produces its first IBM System/360 Model 20. IBM announces plans to construct a second plant in Italy -- with 1,200 employees -- and ground is broken for the new facility in Vimercate.

1965
Nuovo Pignone in Florence acquires an IBM System/360 Model 30.

1965
Some 98 commercial banks and 42 savings banks are using IBM equipment.

1966
The Vimercate plant begins operations. It replaces the original Milan manufacturing facility.

1966
Using two IBM System/360 Model 65s, Alitalia -- an IBM customer since 1951 -- connects its Rome flight reservation system with its branch offices in Europe and the United States through a network of 263 video terminals.

1967
Euratom uses an IBM System/360 at its nuclear research center in Ispra, Italy, for Russian translation. SEAT -- the Italian telephone company operating in Piedmont Province -- installs an IBM System/360 Model 40 to update telephone books for five million users.

1969
IBM Scientific Centers in Venice, Pisa and Bari begin research. Scientific centers explore the use of new data processing techniques applied to scientific and technical problems, and carry out projects in cooperation with local academic and research teams.


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