IBM begins business in Italy as Società Internazionale Macchine Commerciali (SIMC). The company is headed by Giulio Vuccino (1894-1980), who had joined IBM shortly after World War I in Paris where he organized sales training for southwestern France. (Vuccino goes on to serve as the general manager in Italy for 33 years, president for 10 years and honorary chairman of the board of IBM Italy for nine years.) SIMC's firstcustomer is the Ministry of Transport, for which IBM machines are used in warehouse accounting and railway stock control.
The first office -- with 11 employees -- is opened in the center of Milan.
SIMC opens a branch office in Rome.
IBM tabulating machines at the Center for Statistics Institute in Rome are used to process census data for the government.
The first IBM data processing center opens in Milan.
Training courses begin for sales representatives.
The National Institute of Social Security acquires an IBM 405 Alphabetical Accounting Machine in Trieste.
Hollerith Italiana S.A. is formed to manage the manufacture and sale of IBM Electric Accounting Machines (EAM).
The National Institute of Social Security begins paying pensions using IBM punched cards as receipts.
Construction of a manufacturing plant is begun in Milan.
The company dedicates its plant in Milan. The first product assembled there is the IBM 080 Horizontal Sorter.
Production of the IBM 601 Multiplier begins in Milan.
The first IBM equipment installed in the Italian banking system is delivered to the Savings Bank of Verona.
IBM launches a school for its customer engineers.
The Milan plant produces the IBM 015 Motor Drive Punch, IBM 016 Motor Drive Duplicating Punch, IBM 052 Motor Drive Verifier and IBM 075 Card Counting Sorter.
The Milan plant produces the IBM 001 Mechanical Punch, IBM 011 Electric Key Punch, and IBM 051 Mechanical Verifier.
The company is renamed Watson Italiana S.A. Nazionale Macchine Aziendali.
The Milan plant produces the IBM 031 Duplicating Punch, IBM 056 Verifier and IBM 405 Alphabetical Accounting Machine.
There are 309 employees. Some 51 customers are using EAM equipment, including government agencies, banks, and industrial and commercial organizations.
The Milan plant manufactures the IBM 522 Duplicating Summary Punch.
The Banca Commerciale Italiana acquires an IBM 405, the first IBM equipment installed in an Italian commercial bank.
The Milan plant produces the IBM 516 Duplicating Summary Punch Numerical.
The Milan plant is enlarged.
The company is renamed IBM Italia.
IBM opens a branch office in Venice.
Banca Commerciale Italiana establishes a data processing center in Parma using IBM equipment to centrally manage its 240 peripheral agencies in Italy. The Dalmine Steel Mills begins using IBM machines.
IBM Italy opens offices in Florence and Naples.
There are some 63 customers using IBM data processing equipment.
The first IBM equipment is installed in an agricultural consortium.
The Milan plant begins production of the IBM 416 Numerical Accounting Machine, IBM 513 Reproducing Punch, IBM 517 Gang Summary Punch, IBM 551 Check Writing Interpreter, IBM 552 Alphabetical Interpreter and IBM 601 Multiplier.