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1965

The Data Processing Division debuts the IBM 1260 electronic inscriber on January 12.

The division demonstrates on February 2 that programs written for the IBM 1401 can be run on an IBM System/360 Model 30 at increased speeds, illustrating the ability of microprogramming to achieve compatibility between computers. The 1401 was one of 15 IBM computers which were compatible with the System/360.

IBM 1130 computing system

On February 11, DPD introduces the IBM 1130 computing system.


The IBM 2260 display station is announced on March 9.

In April, DPD demonstrates the IBM 2321 data cell drive in Washington, D.C.

The division announces on April 16 the IBM 2415 magnetic tape unit and IBM 2540 card read punch, both of which are designed for use with the IBM System/360.

The first IBM System/360, installed at IBM's Datacenter in New York City in February, is tested by programmers for the Insurance Company of North America on May 6.

The company says on May 10 that IBM has linked more than 250 computers in 16 IBM U.S. manufacturing, development and headquarters locations including Los Angeles and San Jose, Calif.; Washington, D.C.; Chicago, Ill.; Cambridge, Mass.; Rochester, Minn.; Armonk, Endicott, Harrison, Kingston, Mohansic (two locations), Poughkeepsie and White Plains, N.Y.; and Mechanicsburg, Pa.

The division reports on June 24 that the first IBM System/360 -- a Model 40 -- to be installed in the eastern United States is operating at the MIT Lincoln Laboratory in Lexington, Mass.

The IBM 2740 and IBM 2741 communications terminals are announced on July 8.

The Data Processing Division introduces the IBM System/360 Model 44 for low-cost scientific computing on August 19.

On September 28, DPD rolls out 11 computer programs and a wide variety of new peripheral units for the System/360.

DPD forms the Government, Education and Medical (GEM) Region on November 1.

Hawthorne, N.Y

On November 30, DPD opens the largest computer program library in the world in Hawthorne, N.Y.

1966

The Data Processing Division opens a Primary Metals Center in Pittsburgh on January 11 to serve as a focal point for the company's data processing development, education and customer support programs for the metal-producing industry.

The division announces on January 21 plans to install six IBM System/360 Model 90 "supercomputers" in 1967 and one a month beginning in January 1968.

Eastern Airlines Operator

DPD discloses on January 27 details of an automated reservations and ticketing system being developed for Eastern Airlines.

The IBM 2303 magnetic drum storage unit for System/360 is announced on January 31.

On February 8, George B. Beitzel is named division president, succeeding Frank Cary.

On March 31, the division unveils the IBM 1500 instructional system, specifically designed for computer-assisted instruction. It can link as many as 32 student stations, each with a variety of audiovisual capabilities, to a central computer. Preliminary versions of course materials that educators can use with the IBM 1500 are being developed by Science Research Associates, Inc., an IBM subsidiary. (The first 1500 is shipped in August to Stanford University.)

The corporate special systems and equipment department is transferred to DPD in March.

On April 15, DPD announces the first deliveries of the IBM System/360 Model 20, and says that more than 1,000 Model 20s will be manufactured in the IBM Systems Manufacturing Division's San Jose plant in 1966.

IBM System/360 Model 44 scientific computer

The first IBM System/360 Model 44 scientific computer is installed in July at an IBM Datacenter in New York City to help speed development of programming support for all Model 44s.

The division rolls out on August 9 the IBM 2311 disk storage drive Models 11 and 12 for use with the IBM System/360 Model 20.

DPD introduces the IBM 1080 data acquisition system, an electronic information-gathering system for laboratories, on August 23.

On August 26, the Remote Access Computing System (RAX), a program to allow System/360 Models 30, 40 and 50 to perform time-sharing functions, debuts.

DATATEXT, a new IBM system to allow up to 80 customers at different locations to use a single computer to type, edit and update text material, opens for business in San Francisco on September 8. (Additional centers open in New York City, Los Angeles and Cleveland by year-end.)

On September 19, DPD launches the IBM 2250 Model 3 display and IBM 2840 Model 2 control, which, used with an IBM System/360, can "speak for themselves" in a man-machine exchange of graphic information.

The IBM 1287 optical reader that reads hand printed, pencil-written characters on a wide variety of business documents, is rolled out on October 4.

In 1966, DPD begins to develop an Advanced Administrative System, using a complex of System/360 computers to link all branch offices with division headquarters in White Plains, N.Y.

1967

The Data Processing Division announces on February 6 Binary Synchronous Communications, an advanced communications technique that can double the speed at which IBM computers can talk to each other by telephone.

QUIKTRAN 2, a new system to make time-shared computing more economical and widely available for scientists, engineers and businessmen, is rolled out on March 20.

The division reports on April 17 a four-way expansion of the IBM 1130 computing system.

IBM 1800 data acquisition and control system

DPD provides technical details of the IBM 1800 data acquisition and control system on May 27.

A new FORTRAN IV compiler for use with Disk Operating System/360 is announced on August 9.

The IBM Information Records Division (IRD) marketing organization is transferred to the Data Processing Division and designated as Information Records Marketing in September.

DPD rolls out on September 20 the IBM 1259 magnetic character reader for use with the IBM System/360 Models 20, 30 and 40.

FORTRAN H, which can cut IBM System/360 compile times by as much as 47 percent, is announced on October 2.

F. G. ("Buck") Rodgers

On October 17, F. G. ("Buck") Rodgers is named DPD president, succeeding Beitzel.

An improved, faster version of PL/I, the third generation computer programming language for both scientific and commercial applications, is introduced on November 6.

1968

System/360 Model 65s

The Data Processing Division introduces on January 4 the IBM System/360 Model 25, a versatile computer that can operate like several earlier IBM 1400-series computers; and a multiprocessing system control program which links two System/360 Model 65s into one large-scale "twin system."

On January 24, the division announces expanded programming support under Operating System/360 (OS/360) which allows the IBM 2311 disk storage drive and IBM 2314 direct access storage facility to be used in a common disk storage pool that can be shared by up to four System/360 CPUs; and the System/360 Document Processing System.

On January 29, DPD rolls out two products: the IBM System/360 Model 85, the latest high-end member of the System/360 family, to solve complex scientific problems; and the IBM 2420 magnetic tape unit, nearly twice as fast as previous standard IBM tape drives.

The IBM 2265 display station, designed for small branch offices, debuts on February 13.

DPD says on February 19 that an improved FORTRAN H is available for System/360 users.

The division reports on March 5 that IBM and Varian Associates will demonstrate to scientists a "laboratory of the future," which includes an IBM 1800 data acquisition and control system linked to several Varian analytical instruments.

On March 8, DPD rolls out a new version of the IBM System/360 Model 20 computer; a new model of the IBM 2560 multifunction card machine; and a new model of the IBM 2203 printer. The new Model 20 was developed at IBM laboratories in San Jose, Calif.; Rochester, Minn.; Endicott, N.Y.; and Boeblingen, West Germany; and is manufactured at IBM's facility in Boca Raton, Fla.

The IBM 1450 bank data processing system for small banks is announced on March 15.

DPD debuts on March 29 the IBM 2760 optical image unit to provide a two-way conversational link with the IBM System/360.

The Administrative Terminal System/360 to allow users to store, edit, update and retrieve information from up to 30 remote terminals is unveiled on April 2.

The IBM 50 magnetic data inscriber and IBM 2495 tape cartridge reader are announced on April 25.

On May 8, DPD rolls out the IBM 1017 reader and IBM 1018 punch.

The next day, the division presents three new management information systems for the System/360.

DPD introduces another new version of the IBM System/360 Model 20 on June 17.

Chicago

IBM discloses plans on June 18 to build a 52-story office building in downtown Chicago on a site between State Street and Wabash Avenue north of the Chicago River. At the time, it is the largest office building IBM has ever built, and it becomes the regional headquarters for the Data Processing Division.

IBM announces plans on June 20 to establish a Management Information Systems Center, an internal data processing site, in Woodcliff Lake, N.J. Approximately 500 to 750 employees will occupy the site beginning in 1970 to serve the IBM Data Processing Group and its five divisions, including DPD.

The division introduces on June 24 Problem Language Analyzer (PLAN), a package of programs to allow users to employ the familiar terms of their professions to step a computer through complex calculations.

The Data Processing Division announces on July 1 that NASA has formally accepted two new IBM System/360 Model 95 computers. Installed at the Goddard Space Flight Center, the new computers are the first and only ones in IBM's Model 90 series equipped with ultra-high-speed thin-film memories. Those memory units had been developed and manufactured at IBM's Components Division facility in Burlington, Vt. One Model 95 is the primary data processing facility for the Center's Tracking and Data Systems Directorate; the second Model 95 is used by astrophysicists at NASA to create massive mathematical models of the universe.

DPD says on July 5 that the Remote Access Computing System for the IBM System/360 Model 44 system will be available in the fourth quarter of the year. That same day, the division announces the availability of a new version of the IBM 1130 Commercial Subroutine Package and an improved PL/I F-level compiler for Operating System/360 (OS/360).

DPD introduces the IBM 1288 optical page reader on July 15.

The Power Systems Planning package, which will make it easier for electric utility engineers to plan the future growth of power networks, is rolled out on July 19.

Time slicing, a new feature for use with the multiprogramming options of Operating System/360, is announced on August 9.

The division says on October 2 that as many as 15 separate jobs can be multiprogrammed under OS/360.

Also on October 2, DPD announces: five major improvements for IBM's System/360 Attached Support Processor system; a new FORTRAN H version; the IBM 2740 Model 2 communication terminal; the IBM 1056 Model 3 card reader; and the IBM 1058 Model 2 printing card punch.

The Information Marketing Department is transferred on October 22 from the Data Processing Division to IBM's Service Bureau Corporation. The department is responsible for marketing QUIKTRAN, as well as the company's new CALL/360 time sharing subscriber services, BASIC and DATATEXT.

DPD says on October 25 that it will create a specialized marketing organization -- the Commercial Region -- within the division to provide marketing services to the finance, insurance, communications, utilities and transportation industries in most U.S. metropolitan areas.

On November 11, DPD demonstrates in Miami Beach the IBM 2980 financial terminal, which will be available to banks under special order.

The IBM Generalized Information System to enable executives at remote terminals to ask for data stored in a central computer is announced on December 2.

DPD rolls out on December 6 a lower-cost version of the IBM 2420 magnetic tape unit to be used with seven models of the IBM System/360 family.

The division finishes the year with two announcements on December 16: MATLAN, a computer program to aid scientists and engineers in solving large matrix problems; and two new features for the IBM System/360 Model 25 computer.

The IBM Data Processing Division details