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1960

On January 19, DPD introduces the IBM 7080 data processing system, at that time the most powerful computer designed specifically for business.

Three new internal features are announced in February for the IBM 1401 data processing system.

Details are disclosed in March of the IBM 7701 magnetic tape transmission terminal, a machine that can communicate data over telephone and telegraph lines at 150 characters a second.

On May 20, the division announces quadrupled magnetic core storage capacity for the IBM 1401 data processing system; and the IBM 7765 converter, a device to transfer data from punched paper tape to magnetic tape.

DPD rolls out on June 29 the IBM 609 B-1, the first transistorized punched card calculator to rent for less than $1,000 a month.

On July 7, the division introduces the IBM 7074 data processing system, which is twice as fast processing business data and up to 20 times as fast in scientific computation as the IBM 7070 system to which it is related.

The IBM 1001 data transmission system that answers telephones and takes messages in the form of punched cards debuts on July 19.

DPD announces on August 9 the IBM 1009 data transmission unit, which can link the magnetic core memories of IBM 1401 computers over telephone lines.

On September 16, the division rolls out the IBM 1401 E data processing system, designed for users who convert from punched cards to tape but who do not require high-speed tape systems.

DPD introduces on September 29 the IBM 1418 optical character reader, which reads typed, printed or imprinted information from paper or card documents for direct input into an IBM 1401 computer.

IBM 1410 data processing system

On October 20, the Data Processing Division announces the IBM 1410 data processing system, a powerful intermediate computer. Initial orders for the 1410 exceeded 3,500, making it at the time the most widely-accepted data processing machine in history.

The Data Processing Division assumes full responsibility for marketing Supplies Division products, including the assignment of DPD representatives for supplies.

During the year, the division organizes more than 1,000 of its systems engineers into a specialized group to assist IBM customers in the solution of advanced problems in management.

It also opens the first in a series of Datacenters in Chicago, Cleveland, Los Angeles and New York City so that customers can rent IBM's most advanced computers by the hour.

In addition, DPD emphasizes IBM "Tele-Processing" systems in 1960. The most sophisticated example of that new line of equipment is the IBM passenger reservations system for commercial airlines.

By the end of the year, the DPD product set includes the IBM 7070, 7080, 7090, 1401 and 1620 transistorized data processing systems; IBM 704, 705 and 709 large-scale data processing systems; IBM 650, 650 tape, RAMAC 650 and RAMAC-tape 650 computers; RAMAC 305 computers; IBM Series 1200 character sensing equipment; IBM 604, 607 and 609 calculators; Tele-processing equipment, such as the IBM 357 data collection system; IBM 7701 magnetic tape transmission terminal and data transceivers; and a full range of punched card accounting equipment, including a new low-cost IBM Series 50 line.

1961

At the beginning of the year, DPD has approximately 21,000 employees.

Warren C. Hume

DPD's organization consists of four major management areas reporting to the division president, Warren C. Hume (who succeeds Jones on May 19): regional operations, under three regional managers; marketing planning, under the director of marketing at headquarters; CE planning, under the director of customer engineering at headquarters; and measurement and control, under the director of finance and administration, also in headquarters.

IBM 1403 printer

The division announces on February 14 an interchangeable chain cartridge and numerical print feature for the high-speed IBM 1403 printer, which enables the IBM 1401 and 1410 data processing systems to print up to 1,285 lines of numerical characters a minute in banking applications.

On March 9, DPD rolls out the IBM 1710 industrial control system, designed for a wide variety of uses requiring the frequent sampling and interpretation of data in the processing and manufacturing industries.

The division announces on March 24 a program that enables users of the IBM 650 computer to run 650 routines on the new IBM 1410 system.

On March 30, DPD introduces the IBM 1203 unit inscriber to speed preparation of checks for automated demand deposit accounting.

COBOL, Autocoder and an Input/Output Control System for the IBM 1401 data processing system, are announced on April 5.

On April 10, the division informs the press of nearly tripled speeds for the IBM 729 II and IBM 729 IV tape units.

The IBM 7072, a new scientific computer, is rolled out on April 18.

On May 2, DPD debuts the IBM 604 Model 2 electronic calculating punch.

The division introduces the IBM 1301 disk storage unit on June 5.

On June 13, the Data Processing Division announces the IBM 1404 printer, the first to combine the printing of either individual cards or continuous paper forms as direct output from a sold-state computer.

The RAMAC 305 Model 2 is introduced on August 22.

On August 24, DPD rolls out the IBM 1419 magnetic character reader and IBM 1219 reader-sorter, two new machines for the banking industry for processing checks and postal money orders.

On September 19, IBM 7090 FORTRAN and 7090 Sort System, powerful programming aids for the largest and smallest IBM scientific data processing systems, make their debut.

IBM 729 VI and IBM 729 V magnetic tape units are launched on September 25.

DPD presents on October 2 the IBM 188 collator, the first punched card collator with a core memory.

On October 17, the division announces the IBM 7702 magnetic tape transmission terminal and IBM 1013 card transmission terminal to transmit and receive data over telephone lines at speeds of up to 300 characters per second.

DPD introduces Hypertape on October 26 -- a system faster than any commercially-available magnetic tape system.

On December 20, the Data Processing Division rolls out the IBM 7040 and 7044 data processing systems, the most versatile ever offered for scientific data processing up to that time.

In 1961, the division introduces the IBM 1710 control system to improve the efficiency of continuous industrial operations, such as those in the petroleum, chemical, metal, pulp and paper, cement and utilities fields.

IBM 9090 SABRE airline reservation system

The IBM 9090 SABRE airline reservation system begins to be installed by American Airlines. Another IBM Tele-Processing system is being used by an aerospace company to connect three separate computer centers in California.

Also during 1961, DPD begins installing new IBM 7080 and IBM 1410 data processing systems and the IBM 1418 optical reading machine. Initial deliveries of IBM 7080 systems are made to customers in the aerospace industry.

Two IBM STRETCH computers, then the most powerful data processing systems in the world, are delivered to the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission for use in solving complex scientific problems.

1962

By 1962, DPD's responsibilities have been redefined as "marketing and servicing most of the [company's] information handling systems and equipment."

On January 10, DPD reports that IBM has made available an operational version of COBOL, a common business language for computers.

On January 15, the division announces the IBM 1012 tape punch.

On January 25, DPD reports that Thomson & McKinnon has ordered the IBM 1410 brokerage tele-processing system to enable brokerage offices in 41 cities to communicate directly with the New York and American Stock Exchanges.

The IBM 7750 programmed transmission control unit is rolled out on February 12.

The division announces on February 16 the Hypertape Automatic Cartridge Loader, the first device to permit automatic loading and unloading of magnetic tape for electronic computers.

On April 26, DPD introduces INJOB Processor, a single computer programming system that permits IBM 7090 and 7094 computer users to process several source languages as part of a single job.

The IBM 1428 optical reader, a machine which reads a wide variety of paper documents directly into a computer, debuts on May 1.

On May 18, DPD launches a traffic safety program for IBM employees and the communities in which they work.

The IBM 26 interpreting card punch, alphabetical model 21, capable of interpreting as well as punching and printing data, is announced on June 27.

DPD reports on August 1 that COBOL is available for use with the IBM 1401 (already in use are compilers for the IBM 1410, 7070, 7074, 705 and 7080 computers).

The IBM 1620 Model 2 data processing system is announced on August 16.

IBM 1440 data processing system

The Data Processing Division introduces on October 11 the IBM 1440 data processing system, which features a major achievement in data storage technology (the IBM 1311 disk storage drive with disk packs) -- "one of the most important new products we have ever announced."

On November 2, DPD rolls out the IBM 7010 data processing system, which combines the power of IBM's large-scale 7000-series with the data handling capabilities of the company's widely used 1400-series.

The IBM 1230 optical mark scoring reader, capable of reading and scoring 1,200 test answer sheets an hour of unattended operation, debuts on November 6.

DPD announces the IBM 1062 teller terminal and the IBM 7710 data communication unit on November 16.

The division unveils on December 10 the IBM 7320 drum, a random access magnetic drum storage device.

The IBM 1420 bank transit system is launched on December 28.

1963

The Data Processing Division on February 21 announces the IBM 1460 data processing system.

On March 15, DPD introduces the IBM 1050 data communications system, offering unprecedented flexibility.

On May 6, the IBM 1443 printer, for use with the IBM 1620 data processing system, makes its debut.

The division announces on May 29 the IBM 7094 Model II data processing system, the fastest IBM computer at the time.

The IBM 1030 data collection system, a pocket-size recording device, is introduced by DPD on June 3.

On July 8, DPD presents the IBM 7740 communication control system, which can control the flow of message traffic automatically among hundreds of remote locations.

The IBM 1620 Type Composition Program, which enables all segments of the printing industry to use a computer for automatic typesetting, is rolled out on July 12.

DPD unveils on October 10 the IBM 1401-G computer, a new low-cost version of IBM's most widely-used computer of the time.

On October 10, the division announces four new products: the IBM 7335 tape drive; IBM 1301 disk storage unit; IBM 1442 Model 4 card reader; and the IBM 1444 card punch.

IBM 1302 disk storage unit

A week later, DPD introduces the IBM 1302 disk storage unit, an electronic filing system capable of storing information equivalent to a stack of punched cards more than a mile high.

The IBM 1231 optical mark page reader is launched on November 18.

On December 2, the division unveils the IBM 7700 data acquisition system, which can collect facts from 32 sources simultaneously, process them and transmit results to as many as 16 remote printers, display units or plot boards.

1964

The Data Processing Division reports on January 10 development of Automated Design Engineering, a new computer technique to automatically produce engineering designs of major products such as transformers, turbines, generators and motors.

On January 24, DPD introduces the IBM 7770 audio response unit to make millions of business facts within a computer available over the telephone.

The IBM 7711 data communication unit is announced on February 18.

IBM CEO Thomas J. Watson, Jr., visits the site.

On April 7, the Data Processing Division rolls out the IBM System/360, at that time the most important product announcement in IBM's history.

Frank T. Cary is appointed division president, succeeding Hume, on May 27.

The IBM 1401-G Model 11 and Model 13 are introduced on July 28.

The division announces on August 18 QUIKTRAN, a new program enabling up to 40 different computer programs to be constructed, tested or run concurrently on the same computer by scientists and engineers working at remote locations.

The IBM 7404 graphic output unit to automatically plot full-sized graphs, maps or diagrams from computer-generated information is rolled out on September 11.

The IBM 1026 transmission control unit debuts on September 25.

New versions of the IBM 29 card punch and IBM 59 card verifier make their first appearances October 14.

DPD announces on November 20 the IBM System/360 Model 20.

IBM CEO Thomas J. Watson, Jr., visits the site.

The division introduces on November 30 the IBM 1800 data acquisition and control system, which can monitor an assembly line, control a steel-making process or analyze the status of a missile in flight.

DPD reports on December 4 that first customer shipments of the System/360 will begin several months earlier than originally scheduled, with deliveries of the Model 30 and 40 beginning in the second quarter of 1965; the Models 50 and 62 in the third quarter of 1965; and the Model 70 in the fourth quarter of 1965.

In 1964, DPD's service (customer engineering) mission is reassigned to the newly-formed IBM Field Engineering Division.

The IBM Data Processing Division details