China chronology 1982 - 2006

Twenty-one IBM 4300-series computers funded through a United Nations contract are used to count the country’s population.

IBM sets up a service center -- the Bright Star Computer Service Center -- in Beijing to provide installation and maintenance support for users throughout the country.

IBM has more than 50 computers installed or on order. There are four IBM computer installations: the Chinese Academy of Science in Beijing; the Beijing Remote Sensing Institute; the Guangzhou Computer Center of the Ministry of Communications in Guangzhou (Canton); and the Shanghai Shipbuilding Technology Research Institute of the China State Shipbuilding Corporation. One hundred scroll paintings by five Chinese artists are shown at the IBM Gallery of Science and Art in New York City. The exhibition is organized by the China Exhibition Agency and represents the first official art exhibition from China under a cultural exchange agreement with the United States.

The Ministry of Electronics Industry and IBM announce a memorandum of understanding covering a wide range of IT projects and commitments. The first of these to be implemented is a networking joint venture to produce extensive advanced networking and related technologies in support of China’s three “Golden Projects” -- major initiatives in the development of the national information technology infrastructure. The agreement also covers the establishment of a software development center in Shanghai; three open systems networking centers to be opened in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou; and a decision by the Ministry of Electronics Industry to use IBM’s PowerPC platform as one of the major microprocessor architectures of the future.

IBM dedicates its China Research Laboratory in Beijing. Its mission is to create world-class computer technologies that support China’s growing infrastructure.

The company reports an expansion of its operations in China, with the unveiling of a new plant for manufacturing hard disk drive magnetoresistive (MR) heads. IBM announces that it has become the first international provider of e-business services in China, extending total e-business technology and applications to strategic sites in the country.

IBM announces plans to build an organic chip packaging manufacturing facility in Shanghai to support the company’s growing semiconductor business. IBM announces that it will invest in the Asia Pacific region within the next four years on seven Linux Development Centers, Linux Competency Centers, alliances with Linux-focused business partners, Linux research and development and other programs. The Linux Development Centers will be located in Shanghai, Beijing, Tokyo, Taipei, Seoul, Bangalore (which also supports other Southeast Asian countries) and Sydney.

IBM and China’s Ministry of Education announce that they are using Grid technology to enable universities across the country to collaborate on research, scientific and education projects. The China Education and Research Grid -- the most ambitious grid project by a government to date -- launches in October with six universities, and will link more than 200,000 students and faculty members at nearly 100 universities across China when completed. This is one of the world’s largest implementations of Grid computing -- which takes untapped application, data and computing resources from different computing systems and makes them available when and where they are needed, resulting in a single, virtual system.

IBM opens a new Global Services Delivery Center in Dalian, China. The new facility will initially house 600 employees to provide Business Transformation Outsourcing services.

IBM opens a new global delivery center in Shanghai in March to address the growing global demand for the delivery of application services to clients from Japan, Europe and North America. Covering 84,000 square feet, the center will have a seating capacity of more than 700 and consolidate IBM’s existing delivery sites in Shanghai into a single location.

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