Brazil chronology 1950 - 1971

1950
IBM opens a branch office in Fortaleza. The first Latin America IBM World Trade Hundred Percent Club [for employees who attained their annual sales quota] is held in Rio de Janeiro.

1952
The Rio plant assembles time recording equipment. It builds its last electric accounting machine in October. In addition to the Rio plant, IBM operates a punched card manufacturing facility in Sao Paulo.

1953
IBM opens offices in Curitiba and Parana.

1955
IBM announces a program to ship Brazilian-made IBM 082 electronic sorters to Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, the Netherlands Antilles, Panama, Paraguay, Peru and Venezuela. IBM equipment process votes in Sao Paulo for the first time.

1958
The company completes an addition to its card plant in Rio de Janeiro. Novo Mundo Insurance Company of Rio de Janeiro orders IBM equipment.

1959
An IBM 305 RAMAC -- the first in Latin America -- is installed at Anderson Clayton & Company in Sao Paulo.

1960
The first "large-scale" computer in Brazil's automotive industry is an IBM 650 data processing system used by Volkswagen do Brasil. An IBM 305 RAMAC is used to tally and analyze votes in Brazil's national election. Brazil's Federal District City Government orders an IBM 1401 tape system.

1961
The Rio plant begins production of the IBM 1401 data processing system.

1962
The first IBM 1620 data processing system in Brazil is installed by Centro de Calculo Numerico of the University of Sao Paulo.

1963
IBM opens an office in Brasilia, the nation's new capital.

1964
The company, with 1,230 employees, operates a main office, manufacturing plant and card plant in Rio de Janeiro; and sales offices in Belen, Bele Horizonte, Curitiba, Fortalera, Niteroi, Porto Alegre, Recife, Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo. IBM Brazil begins exports of the IBM 024, IBM 026 and IBM 056 card punches and verifiers. Volkswagen do Brasil adds an IBM 1401 to its IBM 305 RAMAC installation at the Sao Bernardo do Campo plant for invoicing, production and stock control.

1965
IBM opens a Service Bureau in Sao Bernardo do Campo to service Santo Andre, Sao Bernardo and Sao Caetano. The IBM South America Area program library is launched in Rio de Janeiro. IBM Brazil announces the IBM System/360 and signs seven contracts for the new product. IBM Brazil announces the IBM 1130 computing system and signs five contracts -- all with educational institutions. The first 1130 is acquired by the University of Minas Gerais. The first IBM 6400 magnetic ledger accounting machines sold in Brazil are purchased by Lion S.A.

1966
Manufacturing responsibility for the IBM 72 typewriter is assigned to the Rio plant in April. The first IBM System/360 Model 20 in the country is installed at Bayer do Brasil. The computer had been manufactured in Japan. The largest IBM Service Bureau order to date is signed with the Brazilian Institute of Agrarian Reform, which conducts a nationwide rural property census and real estate tax operation.

1968
Production of the IBM 72 in Rio increases 400 percent over 1967 volumes. Petrobras, the state-owned petroleum company, begins using an IBM System/360 model 44 to measure offshore oil potential through the digital processing of field-recorded seismic signals. Banco Brasileiro de Descontos, the country's largest private bank, adds two IBM System/360 model 40s to its previously-installed IBM equipment.

1969
The Rio plant produces unit record equipment and single element (IBM Selectric) typewriters. An IBM 1130 computing system determines the placement of caissons and performs stress analysis for a new bridge across Guanabara Bay to join Rio de Janeiro and Niteroi.

1970
Construction of a new plant begins in Campinas. Banco do Brasil orders three IBM System/360 Model 65s and three new IBM System/370 Model 145s.

1971
IBM establishes a new manufacturing facility in Sumare.


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