Pioneering Innovation in the Workplace
IBM continues to lead in the advancement of women and the integration of the workplace ahead of legislative action or public opinion.
1950 - 1953
Korean War is fought.
The Mattachine Society, America's first gay rights organization, is founded.
Congress deactivates the 24th U.S. Infantry, the last all-Black Army unit, in response to President Truman's order to integrate the Army.
Introduction of the Salk vaccine, which plays a major international role in the decline of polio.
In Brown v. the Board of Education, the U.S. Supreme Court rules segregation by race in schools unconstitutional.
African American seamstress Rosa Parks sparks bus boycotts in Montgomery, Alabama.
The first lesbian rights group in the U.S., the Daughters of Bilitis, is founded.
Angry crowds prevent nine African American students from entering Little Rock High School in Arkansas. President Eisenhower sends federal troops to escort the students.
Introduction of the microchip.
Severo Ochoa, a Spanish-born U.S. citizen, becomes the first Hispanic scientist to win the Nobel Prize in physiology.
Alaska and Hawaii are admitted to the Union as the 49th and 50th states.
Daniel Inouye, a Hawaiian of Japanese descent and a disabled U.S. World War ll hero, is elected to Congress from Hawaii.